Early Life and Education:
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25th December, 1876 at Vazeer Mansion Karachi. His father ‘Jinnah Poonja’ was a prosperous merchant. Quaid-e-Azam was first of his seven siblings. Earlier, Jinnah was taught at home and after that he was sent to the Sindh Madarsah High School in the year 1887. At the age of 16, he attended the Mission High School; he passed the matriculation exam from the University of Bombay. Later, his father decided to send him to England. There, he acquired the business experience for his future life. Jinnah has already made his mind to be a barrister. After that, his father though about the Jinnah’s marriage before he left for England.
In London, he joined Lincoln’s Inn; it was included in the best societies that prepared students for the bar. Jinnah had a quality of a leader since his earlier life, so he faced all the hurdles that were presented in the way of success. After that in London, Quaid-e-Azam suffered with two severe incidents and these were the death of his Mother and his Wife. In spite of facing the sufferings, he completed his formal studies. Further, he studied the British Political System, because he knew that he would enter in Politics in his future. He had a good feeling and highly supported the Liberalism. He was influenced by all the leaders who support liberalism such as London leader William E. Gladstone and Parsi leader Dada Bhai Naoroji.
Jinnah returned to Karachi in 1896 and supports his father’s business which was being in lost. After that he decided to go to Bombay and started a political campaign. During the same time, his interest was divided between the law and interest. So he worked on himself and be a lawyer within a few years. It was all his efforts and struggles by which he appeared himself as an educated young Muslim and later a young and strong leader.
His Political Life:
Quaid-e-Azam showed his best in all fields including politics. His political life started in the year 1906, when Jinnah participated into the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. This party later worked for the independence of India. Quaid-e-Azam started a long parliamentary career. Because of his efforts, he was elected to the Imperial Legislative Council. Within the start of his political career, he started to know other Congress personalities such as Gopal Krishna Gokhale, the eminent Maratha leader. Jinnah was influenced by the nationalist politicians so he thought of being a Muslim political leader. Quaid-e-Azam has always thought of Muslim interest, so he did the same in the context of Indian nationalism as well.
A Spirit for Muslims:
Quaid-e-Azam had a positive side of the Muslims. He had a strong spirit in a Muslim world. Jinnah wanted to see a separate Muslim country, in which Muslims can live their life by following the Islamic values, customs and traditions, so he worked hard for this purpose. At the start of the 20th century, the conviction had been growing among the Muslims. This conviction about interests of the Muslims because, they were demanding the preservation of their separate identity. In order to safeguard Muslims, a league was started for the practical purposes in Bombay, named as ‘All India Muslim League’. This league was founded in the year 1906, and Jinnah joined this league. Quaid-e-Azam became the Chief Organizer of All India Muslim League. He was elected for the president of Bombay branch. Then he started his struggle for the separation of Muslims from India.
The best point of Jinnah’s life is that he earned a reward of ‘The best Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity’.
In the entire life of politics, Jinnah worked hard just for the Interest of Muslims. He introduced different organizations and ran different movements for this purpose. I must say that it was largely through his efforts that the Congress and the Muslim League began to hold their annual sessions jointly. This session was for the mutual consultation and participation. After that session, different meetings could be seen in which both parties Muslim League and Congress looked at the separation of Hindu-Muslim. Jinnah believed in give and take, so he acts on the same thing, because he wanted a separate homeland for Muslims at any cost. But he was opposed to Gandhi’s Non-co-operation Movement, on that reason Jinnah left both the League and the Congress in 1920. After that, he kept himself a far from the political movements but later Jinnah became a firm believer in Hindu-Muslim Unity. Again, Jinnah started to use the platform of the Muslim League, because he knew that only a platform can create a separate Muslim world. After a great hardship and struggle, Quaid-e-Azam converted the Muslim League into a powerful instrument for unifying the Muslims into a nation.
‘Jinnah’ A Hera and A Creator of Pakistan:
After adopting his leadership of the Muslim‘s Nation, a resolution was passed in Lahore in the year 1940. And at last, on 14th August, 1947, an independent state for Muslims came into being named as Pakistan. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first head of the Pakistani Government. I must say that it was all the hardship, struggles and efforts of Quaid-e-Azam, on which basis Muslims got a separate nation known as Pakistan.
Last Message of Jinnah:
On 14th August, 1948, Jinnah gave his last message to the nation, he said, “You state has founded, now, it is your duty to build it. Love Pakistan and build Pakistan’. After giving his last message, he left this world on 11 September, 1948. Nation’s lost a true hero at that say. Jinnah had worked himself to death.
Really, he was the real and the actual hero of the nation. Muslims have not found such hero of the Nation like that man and his mission, such the range of his accomplishments and achievements. We should appreciate his efforts. The whole life of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is a guideline for all of us.